macedonia in ancient greece

Complying with this exhortation from, Murad marched against Thessalonica and, as it has been written, captured it.". The name Macedonia derives from the Greek: Μακεδονία (Makedhonía),[16][17] a kingdom (later, region) named after the ancient Macedonians, who were the descendants of a Bronze-Age Greek tribe. [112] Efforts to assimilate resulted in instances of populations rejecting their Slavic language, as in the village of Atropos in 1959, where the villagers took "the oath before God" to cease speaking the local Slavic idiom and to only speak Greek. The table below is a concise list of the various subdivisions of Macedonia: The Gross Domestic Product of Macedonia peaked at €41.99 billion ($49.54 billion) in nominal value and €46.87 billion ($55.3 billion) in purchasing power parity just before the Great Recession in 2008;[4] it has since then contracted to its lowest point in 2015, during the Greek government-debt crisis, to €30.85 billion ($36.4 billion) and €38.17 billion ($45.03 billion);[4] a decrease of 26.5%. a branch of the Macedonians invaded Southern Greece towards the end of the second millennium B.C. Ancient Macedonia is a bit tricky to point it out on a modern map. After a brief Byzantine interval in 1403–1430 (during the last seven years of which the city was handed over to the Venetians), Thessaloniki and its immediate surrounding area returned to the Ottomans. Macedonia is the largest and second-most-populous Greek region, with a population of 2.38 million in 2017. The Pelagonian plain was inhabited by the Pelagones, an ancient Greek tribe of Upper Macedonia; whilst the western region (Ohrid-Prespa) was said to have been inhabited by Illyrian tribes. This objection is the direct result of this regional identity, and a matter of heritage for northern Greeks. In the course of the second pre-Christian millennium, the ancient Greeks descended in several migratory waves as goatherds and shepherds from the interior of the Balkans to Greece. Panayiotis Diamadis et al. The leader and coordinator of the Greek Revolution in Macedonia was Emmanouel Pappas from Dobista(in Serres), and the revolt spread from Central to Western Macedonia. [57] The Thessaloniki Suburban Railway links the regional capital with Florina, in Western Macedonia, and Larissa, in Thessaly. This dispute hinges in part on the question of whether this people spoke a form of Greek before the 5th century bce; it is known, however, that by the 5th century bce the Macedonian elite had adopted a form of ancient Greek and had also forged a unified kingdom. [28] After the Battle of Maritsa (1371), Byzantine rule was reestablished in eastern regions, including Serres. [47] 281,458 people in Macedonia (or 12% of the population) were born in a foreign country, compared to 11.89% for the whole of Greece. [125] Many Jews emigrated to the United States, Palestine, and Paris after the loss of their livelihoods, being unable to wait for the government to create a new urban plan for rebuilding, which was eventually done. Philippi, located in eastern Macedonia, is another UNESCO World Heritage Site. The passage reports that Paul and his companions responded immediately to the invitation. [79] The 1904 Ottoman census of Hilmi Pasha people were assigned to ethnicity according which church/language they belonged, it recorded 373,227 Greeks in the vilayet of Selânik (Thessaloniki), 261,283 Greeks in the vilayet of Monastir (Bitola) and 13,452 Greeks in the villayet of Kosovo. [3] In the 2011 Greek census the capital city, Thessaloniki, had an urban population of 824,676, up from 794,330 in 2001,[75] while its metropolitan population increased to over a million. The rest of the region was inhabited by various Thracian and Illyrian tribes as well as mostly coastal colonies of other Greek states such as Amphipolis, Olynthos, Potidea, Stageira and many others, and to the north another tribe dwelt, called the Paeonians. Antipater (Alexander’s regent in Europe) and his son Cassander managed to retain control of Macedonia and Greece until Cassander’s death (297), which threw Macedonia into civil war. North Macedonia covers an area of 25,713 sq. Οικονομικός Ταχυδρόμος, 22 Σεπτεμβρίου 1994, Σελ. [103] Due to the sensitivity of the use of term 'Macedonian', the language is euphemistically referred to as dópia (ντόπια, 'local') or nasi (Macedonian: наши or naši, 'our (language)'). During the Ottoman era Thessaloniki became the centre of a Sephardi community which comprised more than half the city's population, as Ottoman authorities invited Jews who had been expelled from Castille in the aftermath of the Alhambra Decree of 1492 to resettle in the Ottoman Empire. They established an active community that thrived for about 250 years. Macedonia within Turkey before 1912 and its partition in 1913 among Greece, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Albania Drawing new borders under the excuse of establishing a "balance" and peace on the Balkans was a violent denial of the rights of the Macedonian people to live and develop as a free, unified and independent nation. [107], The exact size of the linguistic and ethnic minority groups in Macedonia is not known with any degree of scientific accuracy, as Greece has not conducted a census on the question of mother tongue since 1951. Macedonia accounts for the majority of Greece's agricultural production and is also a major contributor to the country's industrial and tourism sectors. Although the people spoke a Greek dialect, many believed the country was useful only as a source of timber and pastureland. Western Macedonia, the region with the highest per capita income, saw it drop from 83% the EU average in 2008 to 59% in 2016. [76] 51.32% of the population was female, and 48.68% male. [106], Macedonia is also home to an array of non-Greek languages. Strabo, writing in the first century AD places the border of Macedonia on that part at Lychnidos,[22] Byzantine Achris and presently Ochrid. Jun 6, 2016 - Basilica B', ancient Philippi, Kavala, Macedonia, Greece. ", "The Autonomy of the South-east European Copper Age", Ministry of the Interior – Deputy Minister for Macedonia–Thrace, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Macedonia_(Greece)&oldid=994927961, Traditional geographic divisions of Greece, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with bad settlement type, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Articles containing Bulgarian-language text, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Articles containing Aromanian-language text, Articles containing Megleno Romanian-language text, Articles needing additional references from January 2019, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles containing Macedonian-language text, Articles with Greek-language sources (el), Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Corrections? [81][82] However, these figures extend to territories both inside and outside of Greek Macedonia. The country shares land borders with four countries: Albania, North Macedonia, Bulgaria and Turkey. The region of Macedonia Prima (the territory of modern Greek administrative district of Macedonia) was divided between the Thema of Thessaloniki and the Thema of Strymon, so that only the region of the area from Nestos eastwards continued to carry the name Macedonia, referred to as the Thema of Macedonia or the Thema of "Macedonia in Thrace". They deported 56,000 of the city's Jews, by use of 19 Holocaust trains, to Auschwitz and Bergen-Belsen concentration camps, where 43,000–49,000 of them were killed. [123] Thessaloniki Jews later became pioneers of socialism and the labour movement in Greece. [100] The perceived existence of a foreign danger had a particularly strong effect on the emergence of a distinct regional identity in Macedonia. In the early-to-mid 20th century Greece was invaded by Bulgaria three times with the aim of capturing portions Macedonia;[99] during the Second Balkan War, during the First World War, and during the Second World War. [71] Macedonia is home to four of Greece's 18 UNESCO World Heritage sites, including Aigai (modern Vergina), the first capital of the Macedonian kingdom, where in addition to the monumental palace decorated with mosaics and painted stuccoes, the site contains a burial ground with more than 300 tumuli, one of which has been identified[citation needed] as the tomb of Philip II of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great. There were several uprisings in Macedonia during Ottoman rule, including an uprising after the Battle of Lepanto that ended in massacres of the Greek population, the uprising in Naousa of the armatolos Zisis Karademos in 1705, a rebellion in the area of Grevena by a Klepht called Ziakas (1730–1810). On the contrary, ancient Greece was subjected to Macedonia. Apostolos Vacalopoulos records the following Turkish tradition connected with the capture of Thessaloniki:[31], "While Murad was asleep in his palace at Yenitsa, the story has it that, God appeared to him in a dream and gave him a lovely rose to smell, full of perfume. Browse the Macedonia page with thumbnail images. For a brief period a Macedonian republic called the "Koinon of the Macedonians" was established. At the conclusion of the Greek Civil War (1946–49), most Macedonians of Slavic background were evacuated by the Greek Communist Party and forced to flee to the Yugoslav Socialist Republic of Macedonia and other countries in Eastern and Central Europe. [7][8][9] The name Macedonia revived in the nineteenth century as a geographical term, with the rise of nationalism in the Ottoman Empire, and for educated Greeks it corresponded to the ancient historical land. The mountainous interior allows for hiking activities and adventure sports,[70] while ski resorts like Vasilitsa also operate in the winter months. [128] By the 1940s, the great majority of the Jewish Greek community firmly identified as both Greek and Jewish. A geographic and administrative region of, this page was last edited on 18 December 2020, 07:38... And tourist facilities, page 134, 2002 en Grèce '' revise the article most,... City 's population 1940s, the military, and sometimes also Thessaly Epirus! Slavic ), Macedonia was first incorporated in Greece with 16 MPs. [ 44 ],. [ 68 ] there were 116 Blue Flag beaches in Macedonia ( the number in Macedonia 2015., beginning of 4th c. BCE, or later and it is to you granted by to. Their physical and psychological health Macedonian heritage Mountains and Mount Olympus in 1913, modern Greece and her Allies! ], Macedonian cuisine is the oldest surviving name of a country on the of... 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